There are 4 essential steps to follow in the REACH Regulation: Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction
  1. Registration: If you export chemical substances in quantities of 1 ton or more to EU-member countries per year, you are required to submit, through your Only Representative in the EU, a registration dossier to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) for each substance you export. Failing to register prevents your products from being placed on the EU market. 
  2. Evaluation: All substance dossiers registered will be evaluated by the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) to check their compliance with the registration requirements. Certain substances suspected of constituting a risk to human health and the environment may also be evaluated by the Agency.
  3. Authorisation: The authorisation phase also covers certain substances in the same way as in the evaluation process. Authorisation will be required for the prioritized substances of very high concern (SVHC) e.g. carcinogens or bio-accumulative substances intended to be used or placed on the market. If a chemical substance is included in the “List of Substances Subject to Authorisation”, permission from the Agency must be obtained before placing that substance on the market. The List of Substances Subject to Authorisation is given in Annex 14 to the REACH Regulation.
  4. Restriction: Certain chemical substances can be restricted or banned from being used and/or marketed within the EU depending on the results of evaluations carried out by ECHA. Restricted substances can be found in Annex 17 of the Regulation.
Substance: means a chemical element and its compounds in the natural state or obtained by any manufacturing process, including any additive necessary to preserve its stability and any impurity deriving from the process used, but excluding any solvent which may be separated without affecting the stability of the substance or changing its composition.

Mixture: means a mixture or a solution composed of two or more substances.

Article: means an object which during production is given a special shape, surface or design which determines its function to a greater degree than does its chemical composition.

Downstream User: means any natural or legal person established within the Community, other than the manufacturer or the importer, who uses a substance on its own or in a preparation, in the course of their industrial or professional activities. A re-importer exempted pursuant to Article 2 (7) (c) shall be regarded as a downstream user.

CAS Number: means the Chemical Abstracts Service Number.

EINECS Number: means the number of the European Inventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances.

ELINICS Number: means the number of the European List of Notified Chemical Substances.
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